TOML

TOML.jl is a Julia standard library for parsing and writing TOML v1.0 files.

Parsing TOML data

julia> using TOML

julia> data = """
           [database]
           server = "192.168.1.1"
           ports = [ 8001, 8001, 8002 ]
       """;

julia> TOML.parse(data)
Dict{String, Any} with 1 entry:
  "database" => Dict{String, Any}("server"=>"192.168.1.1", "ports"=>[8001, 8001…

To parse a file, use TOML.parsefile. If the file has a syntax error, an exception is thrown:

julia> using TOML

julia> TOML.parse("""
           value = 0.0.0
       """)
ERROR: TOML Parser error:
none:1:16 error: failed to parse value
      value = 0.0.0
                 ^
[...]

There are other versions of the parse functions (TOML.tryparse and [TOML.tryparsefile]) that instead of throwing exceptions on parser error returns a TOML.ParserError with information:

julia> using TOML

julia> err = TOML.tryparse("""
           value = 0.0.0
       """);

julia> err.type
ErrGenericValueError::ErrorType = 14

julia> err.line
1

julia> err.column
16

Exporting data to TOML file

The TOML.print function is used to print (or serialize) data into TOML format.

julia> using TOML

julia> data = Dict(
          "names" => ["Julia", "Julio"],
          "age" => [10, 20],
       );

julia> TOML.print(data)
names = ["Julia", "Julio"]
age = [10, 20]

julia> fname = tempname();

julia> open(fname, "w") do io
           TOML.print(io, data)
       end

julia> TOML.parsefile(fname)
Dict{String, Any} with 2 entries:
  "names" => ["Julia", "Julio"]
  "age"   => [10, 20]

Keys can be sorted according to some value

julia> using TOML

julia> TOML.print(Dict(
       "abc"  => 1,
       "ab"   => 2,
       "abcd" => 3,
       ); sorted=true, by=length)
ab = 2
abc = 1
abcd = 3

For custom structs, pass a function that converts the struct to a supported type

julia> using TOML

julia> struct MyStruct
           a::Int
           b::String
       end

julia> TOML.print(Dict("foo" => MyStruct(5, "bar"))) do x
           x isa MyStruct && return [x.a, x.b]
           error("unhandled type $(typeof(x))")
       end
foo = [5, "bar"]

References

TOML.parseFunction
parse(x::Union{AbstractString, IO})
parse(p::Parser, x::Union{AbstractString, IO})

Parse the string or stream x, and return the resulting table (dictionary). Throw a ParserError upon failure.

See also: TOML.tryparse

TOML.parsefileFunction
parsefile(f::AbstractString)
parsefile(p::Parser, f::AbstractString)

Parse file f and return the resulting table (dictionary). Throw a ParserError upon failure.

See also: TOML.tryparsefile

TOML.tryparseFunction
tryparse(x::Union{AbstractString, IO})
tryparse(p::Parser, x::Union{AbstractString, IO})

Parse the string or stream x, and return the resulting table (dictionary). Return a ParserError upon failure.

See also: TOML.parse

TOML.tryparsefileFunction
tryparsefile(f::AbstractString)
tryparsefile(p::Parser, f::AbstractString)

Parse file f and return the resulting table (dictionary). Return a ParserError upon failure.

See also: TOML.parsefile

TOML.printFunction
print([to_toml::Function], io::IO [=stdout], data::AbstractDict; sorted=false, by=identity)

Write data as TOML syntax to the stream io. If the keyword argument sorted is set to true, sort tables according to the function given by the keyword argument by.

The following data types are supported: AbstractDict, Integer, AbstractFloat, Bool, Dates.DateTime, Dates.Time, Dates.Date. Note that the integers and floats need to be convertible to Float64 and Int64 respectively. For other data types, pass the function to_toml that takes the data types and returns a value of a supported type.

TOML.ParserType
Parser()

Constructor for a TOML Parser. Note that in most cases one does not need to explicitly create a Parser but instead one directly use use TOML.parsefile or TOML.parse. Using an explicit parser will however reuse some internal data structures which can be beneficial for performance if a larger number of small files are parsed.

TOML.ParserErrorType
ParserError

Type that is returned from tryparse and tryparsefile when parsing fails. It contains (among others) the following fields:

  • pos, the position in the string when the error happened
  • table, the result that so far was successfully parsed
  • type, an error type, different for different types of errors